Spelling: -s and -es

Spelling: -s and -es
Окончания -s и -es
1) Если основа слова оканчивается на шипящий или свистящий согласный звук (-s, -ss, -sh, -ch, -tch, -x, -z, -zz), то перед окончанием -s вставляется гласная -e-.
В частности, это имеет место в следующих случаях:
а) основа глагола + окончание 3-го лица ед.ч. в форме Present simple

pass — passes

push — pushes

touch — touches

б) основа существительного + окончание множ.числа

box — boxes

church — churches

dress — dresses

2) -e- перед -s вставляется также в некоторых словах, оканчивающихся на -o, а именно:
а) в форме 3-го лица ед.ч. Present simple глаголов do и go:

he goes, she does

б) в форме множ.ч. существительных potato, tomato, hero, cargo, echo:

potatoes, tomatoes, heroes, cargoes.

в) У большинства существительных, оканчивающихся на -o, -e- перед -s не добавляется.

radio — radios

zoo — zoos

kilo — kilos

English-Russian grammar dictionary. 2014.

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